At UUANJ we are able to offer our patients minimally invasive procedures at our AAAHC and New Jersey State Certified Surgical Practice Center
A substantial amount of what we do as urologists can be done in the office with light sedation and/or local anesthesia. In this section, you will find information about what to expect if you are scheduled for one of these procedures.
A biopsy is conducted by removing a sample of skin or tissue from a patient’s body for examination under a microscope to diagnose a medical condition.A biopsy can be obtained of the skin by removing a small amount of tissue with a special instrument. This can be done with local anesthesia to avoid pain. Biopsies of the prostate or kidney are typically obtained with specially designed needles that allow for the removal of small amounts of tissue. The needle is guided with ultrasound or special X-rays such as a CT scan. Biopsies can also be obtained from the bladder or ureter with specially designed endoscopes that are passed into these structures through normal urine passageways.After the biopsy specimen is obtained, it is sent for examination to a pathologist, who prepares a written report with information designed to help the doctor manage the patient’s condition properly.
Cystoscopy, or cystourethroscopy, is a procedure that enables a urologist to view the inside of the bladder and urethra in great detail. It is commonly used to diagnose bladder tumors, identify obstruction of the bladder and look for any abnormalities of the bladder and its lining.
The procedure is usually performed as an outpatient procedure in a urology clinic or treatment room. Prior to the procedure, the patient will need to empty their bladder and will then be positioned on an examination table. After administration of local anesthesia, a cystoscope is inserted through the urethra into the bladder. The cystoscope is a thin, lighted tube that is either flexible or rigid. Water or saline is then instilled into the bladder through the cystoscope. As the fluid fills the bladder, the bladder wall is stretched thus allowing detailed viewing by the urologist. Under normal conditions, the bladder wall should appear smooth and the bladder should be normal size, shape and position and there should not be any blockages. If any tissue in the bladder wall appears abnormal, a small sample can be removed through the cystoscope to be analyzed.
The average cystoscopy takes about 10 to15 minutes.
After the cystoscope is removed, the patient’s urethra may be sore and they may feel a burning sensation for up to 48 hours. If discomfort persists, fever develops or urine appears bright red, a physician should be notified.
A biopsy is conducted by removing a sample of skin or tissue from a patient’s body for examination under a microscope to diagnose a medical condition, especially cancer.
A biopsy can be obtained of the skin by removing a small amount of tissue with a special instrument. Biopsies of the prostate (or kidney) are typically obtained with specially designed needles that allow for the removal of small amounts of tissue. The needle is guided with ultrasound. Biopsies can also be obtained from the bladder or ureter with specially designed endoscopes that are passed into these structures through normal urine passageways.
After the biopsy specimen is obtained, it is sent for examination to a pathologist, who prepares a written report with information designed to help the doctor manage the patient’s condition properly.
An ultrasound examination, also commonly referred to as a sonogram, is a painless, diagnostic technique that makes use of the behavior of sound waves in the human body. When these sound waves are transmitted into the body, they are reflected in specific ways by specific tissues and organs. These reflected waves can be used to produce images of internal organs without harm or exposure to radiation.
Depending on the reason for the study and the circumstances, ultrasound imaging may be performed in the urologist’s office, in the hospital or in an outpatient facility.
In most cases, very little preparation is needed for an ultrasound examination. Some examinations, such as a bladder scan for residual urine, require limited experience while others, such as ultrasound examinations of the kidneys, testicles or prostate, require more experience or expertise.’
The patient will be asked to lie down on the examination table. A clear, water-based gel is applied to the skin over the area to be examined. This gel helps with the transmission of the sound waves. A transducer, which is a hand-held probe, is then moved over that area. Prostate ultrasound examinations are performed by placing a specially designed probe into the rectum.
There is no risk of radiation with this study and the patient can resume their daily activities immediately following this test.
BOTOX® works on the bladder muscle by blocking the nerve signals that trigger your overactive bladder. BOTOX® is a different treatment option when another type of medication (anticholinergic) does not work well enough or cannot be taken.1
Transurethral Needle Ablation, or TUNA is an effective, minimally invasive treatment for the symptoms of BPH – Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia. This is also the technical and generic term for Prostiva® RF Therapy. Because of the safety and effectiveness of TUNA, many patients and urologists opt for an RF treatment rather than chronic medication, which can cause significant side effects.1 TUNA is covered by Medicare as well as most private insurance plans.
The UroLift® System treatment is a revolutionary, minimally invasive approach to treating an enlarged prostate, or BPH, that lifts or holds the enlarged prostate tissue out of the way so it no longer blocks the urethra. There is no cutting, heating or removal of prostate tissue.
Clinical data has shown that the UroLift System treatment is safe and effective in relieving lower urinary tract symptoms due to BPH without compromising sexual function1,2,3,4. The goal of the UroLift System treatment is to relieve symptoms so you can get back to your life and resume your daily activities.
The UroLift System treatment is a straightforward procedure that is performed by a urologist. The urologist places tiny implants to hold the prostate lobes apart, like open curtains on a window, to relieve compression on the urethra. This allows urine to flow normally again. The UroLift System treatment can be done in the physician’s office under local anesthesia. Typically, patients return home the same day without a catheter.
An enlarged prostate can narrow or even block the urethra.
The UroLift Delivery Device is placed through the obstructed urethra to access the enlarged prostate.
Small UroLift Implants are permanently placed to lift or hold the enlarged prostate tissue out of the way and increase the opening of the urethra. The permanent Implants are delivered through a small needle that comes out of the UroLift Delivery Device and into the prostate.
The UroLift Delivery Device is removed, leaving an open urethra designed to provide symptom relief.
The UroLift System is an alternative for patients looking for something other than drug therapy or more invasive surgery. Treatment might be right for you if any of the following apply to you:
Benefits of the UroLift System include1,2,3:
As with any medical procedure, individual results may vary. Speak with your urologist to see if the UroLift System procedure is right for you. Most common side effects are mild to moderate and include pain or burning with urination, blood in the urine, pelvic pain, urgent need to urinate and/or the inability to control the urge. Most symptoms resolve within two to four weeks after the procedure.
The Prolieve® System is an in-office technology, a medical device that both heats the prostate and dilates the prostatic urethra. The purpose of the Prolieve® System is to treat the symptoms of enlarged prostate (BPH) in men who would benefit from drug or surgical therapy. The treatment was designed with patients’ needs and comfort in mind.
Although individual results may vary, in a clinical study many patients experienced significant relief from their enlarged prostate (BPH) symptoms*. Ask you doctor for more information.
*In a clinical trial, 74% (68/92) of Prolieve® System patients experienced a ≥ 30% improvement of their AUA total score, a measure of BPH symptoms, at one year.
You should be able to go home right after the Prolieve® System Treatment. However, it is a good idea to have someone drive you home after the procedure. Most patients are able to resume their normal activities shortly after the treatment.
Rezūm is a transurethral RF thermal therapy to treat benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) that can be performed in a clinic or out-patient setting. Using a hand-held device, Rezūm delivers radiofrequency generated thermal therapy, in the form of water vapor, directly to the extra prostate tissue that is causing symptoms such as frequency, urgency, irregular flow, weak stream, straining and getting up at night to urinate.
*transurethral describes the minimally invasive procedure in which a device is inserted into the urethra.
Rezūm provides the following benefits:
*Some of the information on our pages are provided by UrologyHealth.org, the official Web site of the American Urological Association Foundation, from the device manufacturer, or the pharmaceutical company.
The AUA Foundation is the world’s leading nonprofit urologic health foundation and the Official foundation of the American Urological Association. Our goal is to promote health, provide hope and promise a future free of urologic disease, including cancer. The AUA Foundation partners with physicians, researchers, healthcare professionals, patients, caregivers, families and the public, established to support and promote research, patient/public education, and advocacy to improve the prevention, detection, and cure of urologic diseases.
The vision of the Foundation is to be the premier provider and resource for the most current, comprehensive and reliable urologic health information for patients and the public.